Introduction to Political Science II
Power , Authority & Legitimacy
Definition of Power
• In the natural sciences: ‘force’ or ‘energy’. • In the social sciences:
A) the ability to achieve a desired outcome, sometimes referred to as power to. B) a relationship as the exercise of control by one person over another, or as power over.
Steven Lukes’s Definition in Power: A Radikal View
if A gets B to do something A wants but which B would not have chosen to do, power is being exercised.
• In other words, power is the ability to get someone to do what they would not otherwise have done. • • But Lukes’s distinctions are nevertheless of value in drawing attention to how power is exercised in the real world, to the various ways in which A can influence B’s behaviour.
The Three Faces of Power
• These are some kind of ways that how power exercised in real life. – [Decision Making] Power can involve the ability ..